zxing生成二维码工具

^_^打赏
阅读:

zxing介绍

ZXing是一个开源的,用Java编写的多格式的1D / 2D条码图像处理库,使用ZXing可以生成、识别QR Code(二维码)、Data Matrix、EAN、UPC、Aztec等。 常用的二维码处理库还有zbar,不过它几年不更新代码了,本文介绍ZXing生成二维码的方法。

生成二维码实现

1)引入依赖 创建maven工程,在pom.xml中引入如下 依赖

<dependency>
            <groupId>com.google.zxing</groupId>
            <artifactId>core</artifactId>
            <version>3.3.3</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.google.zxing</groupId>
            <artifactId>javase</artifactId>
            <version>3.3.3</version>
        </dependency>

2)生成二维码方法

package com.pbteach.utils;

import com.google.zxing.BarcodeFormat;
import com.google.zxing.EncodeHintType;
import com.google.zxing.client.j2se.MatrixToImageWriter;
import com.google.zxing.common.BitMatrix;
import com.google.zxing.qrcode.QRCodeWriter;
import com.google.zxing.qrcode.decoder.ErrorCorrectionLevel;
import com.shanjupay.common.domain.BusinessException;
import com.shanjupay.common.domain.CommonErrorCode;
import com.shanjupay.common.util.EncryptUtil;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import javax.servlet.ServletOutputStream;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;

/**
 * <P>
 * 工具类
 * </p>
 *
 */
public class MyUtils  {

	/**
	 * 生成二维码
	 * @param content
	 * @param width
	 * @param height
	 * @return
	 */
	public String createQRCode(String content, int width, int height) throws IOException {
		String resultImage = "";
		if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(content)) {
			ServletOutputStream stream = null;
			ByteArrayOutputStream os = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
			@SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
			HashMap<EncodeHintType, Comparable> hints = new HashMap<>();
			hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, "utf-8"); // 指定字符编码为“utf-8”
			hints.put(EncodeHintType.ERROR_CORRECTION, ErrorCorrectionLevel.M); // 指定二维码的纠错等级为中级
			hints.put(EncodeHintType.MARGIN, 1); // 设置图片的边距

			try {
				QRCodeWriter writer = new QRCodeWriter();
				BitMatrix bitMatrix = writer.encode(content, BarcodeFormat.QR_CODE, width, height, hints);

				BufferedImage bufferedImage = MatrixToImageWriter.toBufferedImage(bitMatrix);
				ImageIO.write(bufferedImage, "png", os);
				//添加 data:image/png;base64 前缀方便前端解析
				resultImage = new String("data:image/png;base64," + EncryptUtil.encodeBase64(os.toByteArray()));
				return resultImage;
			} catch (Exception e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
				throw new BusinessException(CommonErrorCode.CUSTOM, "二维码生成失败");
			} finally {
				if (stream != null) {
					stream.flush();
					stream.close();
				}
			}
		}
		return null;
	}

}

3) 测试 编写在MyUtils类中编写main方法测试 createQRCode

	public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
		MyUtils myUtils = new MyUtils();
		System.out.println(myUtils.createQRCode("http://www.pbteach.com/", 200, 200));
	}

运行main方法,输出二维码图片的base64编码:

data:image/png;base64,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

将以上编码拷贝到浏览器中,显示二维码图片,实际项目中由前端展示二维码。

1577192063889

用手机扫描以上二维码即可进入指定 Url。

读取二维码

1)编写读取二维码的方法

/**
	 * 识别二维码
	 * @param url 二维码图片地址
	 */
	public  void readerQR(String url) throws IOException, NotFoundException {
		MultiFormatReader formatReader = new MultiFormatReader();
		//读取指定的二维码文件
		BufferedImage bufferedImage =ImageIO.read(new URL(url));
		BinaryBitmap binaryBitmap= new BinaryBitmap(new HybridBinarizer(new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(bufferedImage)));
		//定义二维码参数
		Map hints= new HashMap<>();
		hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, "utf-8");
		Result result = formatReader.decode(binaryBitmap, hints);
		//输出二维码信息
		System.out.println("网址:"+result.getText());
		bufferedImage.flush();
	}

2)测试 编写main方法

	public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException, NotFoundException {
		MyUtils myUtils = new MyUtils();
		//生成二维码
//		System.out.println(myUtils.createQRCode("http://www.pbteach.com/", 200, 200));
        //识别二维码
		myUtils.readerQR("http://www.pbteach.com/images/pb.png");
	}

执行main方法,控制台输出

网址:http://www.pbteach.com/

说明成功解析二维码。

详见源代码。

附件

完整代码:http://cloud.pbteach.com/s/XWX3HxawWCEfNCY 提取码:www.pbteach.com

See also